6. Farmers often plow it under as a green manure for nitrogen or roll it for the weed-suppressing mulch—a good application for the thick tangle of leguminous tendrils, some reaching 6 or 7 feet in length. ft.) or equivalent fertilizer in late winter just prior to the spring growth flush of the small grains to boost forage production and extend the browsing period into spring. per 1000 sq. /1000 sq. But it is probably better than nothing for the farmer who missed their ideal fall seeding window. Planting on a weed free, smooth and firm seedbed that allows good seed-soil contact is essential for a thick, productive forage stand. Seeding Rate: 30 lbs. Inoculant: Unless pre-inoculated, hairy vetch seed must be inoculated with selected Rhizobia strains (strain C) of bacteria just prior to planting for optimal root nodulation and nitrogen fixation. Production. information. “With a little creativity, hairy vetch can be worked into almost any rotation.”. The leaves have long, soft hairs with 10 to 20 leaflets borne opposite each other and tendrils at the end. Lawson A., C. Cogger, A.Bary, A. Fortuna. Plots were 1.5 by 6.1 m with four /1000 sq. The goal was to follow the vetch cover crop with a no-till corn crop, ideally planted into the rolled vetch mulch. The stems, which generally branch from near the base, are on an average from two to three feet high, angular and more or less hairy. USES: To provide nutrition for deer, turkey and other wildlife in late spring into early summer. Some spring cereal varieties are likely to winter-kill if planted in early September, allowing the vetch to grow without competition in spring. Barley was close behind. The flowers, borne in a dense one-sided spike, are violet and white to rose colored. It's important to inoculate the seed with fresh vetch inoculum just prior to planting. Planting: As a research intern at the Rodale Institute in 2006, I was lucky to be part of a dormant seeding trial using, creatively, the winter annual cover crop hairy vetch. Rye started germinating very quickly and some of it was up in 7 days or so. View our financial Seed may be planted into a firm seedbed with a drill equipped with a small seed hopper or broadcasted evenly across the soil surface and covered using a culti-packer or by shallow (1/2 to 1” deep) disking. If planted in a mixture with small grains, apply 400 lbs. This species is known to have a great rooting system, with a tap root that will extend 1 to 3 feet into the soil profile. /acre (3 lbs. See your local county extension office for soil sampling assistance. However, neither dormant seeding nor spring seeding is likely to yield enough biomass for an effective weed-suppressing mulch in a no-till system. Planting WinterKing hairy vetch can be seeded at a rate of 10-40 lbs/acre depending on the mix or purpose. To fix much nitrogen, the hairy vetch should not be terminated too early in the spring (Table 1). Liming to a pH of 6.0 – 6.5 and providing adequate soil levels of potassium and phosphorus are necessary to ensure a productive food plot. Figure 2 reports the total biomass accumulation for the hairy vetch and rye at the three mowing dates. It is therefore vital that dormant seeding be followed by a consistently cold winter. Hairy Vetch. Hairy vetch is a branching, spreading annual that forms a dense ground cover. Thanks for reading! For example, if cereal rye and hairy vetch are planted in a mixture, the seeding rate of 50 lbs rye (50/65 = 77%) with 9 lb vetch (9/20 = 45%) would be 122%. The idea behind dormant seeding is to plant when it’s cold enough to inhibit the seed’s germination so that it lies dormant over winter and is ready to germinate when the ground first begins to thaw—but is still too wet to drive through. After emergence, the seedlings begin to grow before the frost, form a crown (indicated by several secondary shoots from the base of the main stem), and then use stored root carbohydrate reserves to survive dormancy over the winter. Tilling the vetch under, letting it decompose and then planting your crop will go one step further by adding organic matter to the soil. /acre 0-20-20 (7 lbs. Hairy vetch showed higher plant phosphorus (P) concentrations than crimson clover, red clover or a crimson/ryegrass mixture in aTexas trial.Soil under hairy vetch also had the lowest level of P remaining after growers applied high amounts of poultry litter prior to vegetable crops (121). © 2021 Rodale Institute. Rodale Institute is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit. Cover crops Kill date effects on vetch-rye mixtures are not known, Planting date 16 Sept. 1988 22 Sept. 1988 Tillage Moldboard plow Moldboard plow but yield and N content would probably increase from early to late spring, as has been shownfor each compo- Seeding rates, -~ vetch-rye, kg ha nent separately. Avoid droughty sites such as eroded hillsides or shallow, rocky soils. When selecting a wildlife food plot site, choose an area that is long and narrow with curves or bends in it.

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