This strategy was most common in the Sudan Savannah zone and can be attributed to the high level of insecurity (due to insurgency), which has constrained the livelihood of the people in the study area. The purpose of the present study is to portray the perception of tribal communities towards sustainable development. Sustainable Livelihoods and Rural Development looks at the role of social institutions and the politics of policy, as well as issues of identity, gender and generation. All content in this area was uploaded by Ian Scoones on May 24, 2015, ... DFID identifies five different capital endowments to compose the livelihood assets, including natural capital, human capital, physical capital, financial capital, and social capital, ... Natural capital is the natural resource stocks (soil, water, air, genetic resource, etc.) It is based normatively on the ideas of capability, equity, and sustainability, each of which is both end and means. Married persons constituted the majority (about 90%), having an average household size of the respondents was seven persons. The respondents’ foremost livelihood constraints identified in the study were the lack of basic social amenities, poor political representation, insecurity challenges, lack of capital/financial exclusion, and adverse climatic conditions. The overall household income diversification, measured by the Simpson Index was positively influenced by the age of the household head, remittances received by the household, and the size of the household. The value chain analysis shows that the price increases from nearly 1 USD per kg at harvest sites to 5.5 USD per kg at the retail level. The main livelihood strategies in the area were diversification, intensification, and migration with agriculture-related activities being the most common. The unit describes the use of sustainable livelihoods frameworks in analysing rural livelihoods and outlines some weaknesses of representation which omit market interactions, institutional failings, and technological changes from its conceptualisation. Early definitions of sustainable livelihoods can be found in the Brundtland report, WCED (1987). Review of concepts and practical experiences. With increasing resource pressure in Africa's drylands, wetlands are becoming even more valuable components of agroecosystems. We established the factors influencing income diversification, and the linkage between income diversification and economic welfare of rural households, in the Volta Region of Ghana, using data from 894 randomly-selected households, obtained through the latest round of the Ghana Living Standards Survey undertaken by the Ghana Statistical Service from October 2016 to October 2017. Environment and Urbanization is prepared by the Human Settlements Group at IIED and published by Sage publications. These measures could improve the economic returns from frankincense extraction and sale and contribute to increased incomes and more sustainable livelihoods. We showed that income diversification influenced economic welfare only when used at moderate to high levels. Studi tentang persepsi masyarakat tentang ancaman di Taman Nasional Way Kambas (TNWK), Lampung merupakan rangkaian kegiatan untuk mendukung kolaborasi pengelolaan TNWK terutama dalam pengembangan strategi pemberdayaan masyarakat dalam penanganan ancaman perburuan, illegal fishing dan kebakaran hutan. Sustainable rural livelihoods (L 3) 1. All rights reserved. It showed how Non-Wood Forest Products (NWFP) are used in commercial and industrial form without affecting the natural resources, thus promotes sustainable development. This will enhance the capacity of livelihoods perspectives to address key lacunae in recent discussions, including questions of knowledge, politics, scale and dynamics. Lokasi studi difokuskan di Desa Braja Harjosari dan Desa Rantau Jaya Udik II yang merupakan “pilot model” kemitraan TNWK dengan masyarakat. The sustainable livelihood concept is the driving theoretical framework of this study. Generally, rural tourism should be focused on providing additional financial input, but also seek a way to attract tourists in periods with low agricultural activity. The Center for Sustainable Rural Livelihoods, established in 2004, aims to improve the livelihoods of rural people and alleviate food insecurity and poverty. For a searchable database for papers in Environment and Urbanization, go to, Access papers from current and previous issues, All papers except for those published in the two most recent years are open access. formal sessions of the conference, including contributions from UNDP and the Institute of Development Studies. From 2011-2016, the Dynamic Drivers of Disease in Africa Consortium undertook a major ESPA-funded programme to advance understanding of the connections between animal-to-human disease transmission and environment in Africa. Published by and available from the Department for International Development, 94 Victoria Street, London SW1E 5JL, This in part will depend on how secure the livelihoods of the majority of food producers in the country are. The term Sustainable Livelihood was first proposed in a rural context, and was later amended by the Brundtland Commission. Human capital is the skills, knowledge, experience, health, and education an individual has, Over the past few decades, more than 60 per cent of emerging infectious diseases affecting people have had their origin in wildlife or livestock. It helps formulate development activities that are A number of core challenges are identified, centred on the need to inject a more thorough-going political analysis into the centre of livelihoods perspectives. The positive drivers of NIBA included moderate levels of formal educational attainment, remittance, household size and electricity connection. It can help plan development activities and assess the contribution that existing activities have made to sustaining livelihoods. It is based on evolving thinking about the way the poor and vulnerable live their lives and the importance of policies and institutions. The framework shows how, in different contexts, sustainable livelihoods are achieved through access to a range of livelihood … Podkreślono znaczenie kobiet w rozwoju i drodze do lepszych warunków życia. Our Book notes database contains details and summaries of all the publications included in Book notes since 1993 - with details on how to obtain/download. tbreak, these zoonotic diseases quietly devastate lives and livelihoods. It organizes the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood opportunities, and shows how they relate. The book has three main sections, starting with an introduction summarizing the current thinking on the sustainable livelihoods approach by staff from DFID and outside organizations (research institutes and NGOs). It argues that much of the development literature makes the false assumption that sedentary patterns in society are the norm, instead making the case that migration is often the rule, rather than the exception. Streszczenie Celem niniejszego opracowania jest omówienie postrzegania świata przez społeczności plemienne w kontekście zrównoważonego rozwoju. The risks of climate-related impacts are highly context-specific but expected to be higher in environments that are already hot and have limited socioeconomic and institutional resources for adaptation. Sustainable Rural Livelihoods: A Framework for Analysis. … It also highlights the main conclusions reached, arguing that the sustainable rural livelihood approach can play an important role in the elimination of poverty. The last section has papers on “entry points” that examine the contribution to sustainable rural livelihoods that can be made by involvement in particular areas - including natural resource sub-sectors (forests and livestock) to issues such as ethical trade. Pengumpulan data persepsi masyarakat dilakukan dengan metode kuesioner terstandar (standardized), melibatkan 267 responden rumah tangga di kedua desa tersebut dengan menggunakan 4 (empat) aspek penilaian persepsi yaitu aspek sosial ekonomi, lingkungan, aspek legitimasi dan aspek akseptabilitas. Motywem badania jest zobrazowanie świadomości, którą te społeczności plemienne przyswajają sobie od pokoleń. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. Visit the Human Settlements Group at IIED. which are combined in the pursuit of different livelihood strategies (agricultural intensification or extensification, livelihood diversification and migration). A livelihood is socially sustainable which can cope with and recover from stress and shocks, and provide for future generations. The study also defined how through sustainable livelihood the tribe contributed in the revenue of the state government and also helped in generating income for the weaker section of the community. The manifestation of poverty goes beyond the urban-rural divide, it has subregional and regional contexts. This includes a framework for analyzing rural livelihoods, recognizing the many complex interactions it involves. Bada-nie koncentrowało się na społeczno-kapitałowym i kulturowym rozumieniu plemienia jako źródła utrzymania. livelihoods (SRL) framework in the fragile regions of Andhra Pradesh. Sustainable Rural Livelihoods Rural District Planning in Zimbabwe: A Case Study By PlanAfric Bulawayo, Zimbabwe A Report to the UK Department for International Development (Research contract: R72510) PlanAfric Suite 416, 4th Floor, Treger House, 113 Jason Moyo … Key among the recommendations of the study was the need for substantial investments in the provision of physical infrastructure in rural areas and also the provision of adequate security of lives and properties in conflict-affected areas. A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks and maintain or improve its capabilities and assets both now and in the future, while not undermining the natural resource base. It also engages with social movement activists. The concept was developed in the 1990s for the analysis of poverty, ... Human capital supports the competence and capabilities necessary for adaptation and minimizes barriers to many adaptation options [34], [35]. The study applied a combination of sustainable livelihood and value chain framework to assess the values and the contribution of frankincense to household economies. The livelihood of rural residents is paramount in the development of the Nigerian State. has been cited by the following article: Article. Frankincense income functions as a supplementary source of income for the herders. UK. Increasingly, rural people do not depend on agriculture alone to survive, but have diversified livelihood strategies. In the 21st century livelihoods will be needed by perhaps two or three times the present human … Assessing the Impact of Consumer Behaviour on Food Security in South West Cameroon. Authors Gibson-Graham, Cameron, and Healy highlight the measure of … Data were collected through a household survey, focus group discussions, key informant interviews and field observations. It concludes that migration should be seen as just one of the livelihood strategies open to households, that it is often combined with other strategies, and that it is frequently a two-way process in which migrants maintain close links with their areas of origin over a much longer period than is frequently assumed. However, rural and urban livelihoods are clearly intertwined, and the rural distinction is somewhat artificial. Livelihood Support Programme (LSP) An inter-departmental programme for improving support for enhancing livelihoods of the rural poor. Descriptive statistics and Ordinary Least Square (OLS) regression analysis were used in the data analysis. The Livelihoods Funds bring together a coalition of actors who join forces to restore degraded natural ecosystems, build sustainable supply chains and improve the livelihoods of millions of rural communities who are the most vulnerable to the effects of climate change. The key issues papers address issues of policy consistency by expanding upon the relationships between sector wide approaches and decentralization and sustainable rural livelihoods. Corpus ID: 129858616. Słowa kluczowe: rozwój zrównoważony, plemię Munda, NWFP, środki do życia. Analisis dalam studi persepsi ini “mungkin” berbeda dan belum banyak dilakukan di kawasan TNWK dan desa penyangga terutama dalam pendekatan pemodelan statistik untuk analisis persepsi (Correlation Somers' D) dan pendugaan faktor-faktor yang mendorong masyarakat dalam bertindak negatif di kawasan TNWK (Regresi Logistik Biner) seperti pada aktivitas ilegal seperti perburuan, pemancingan, dan pembakaran hutan. Livelihoods August 13, 2020 A new paradigm for rural livelihoods COVID-19 has exposed the weakest links in our supply chains, the largest impact of which has been felt by the poor. the provision of a wide range of direct and indirect benefits. As well as presenting a threat of global disease ou, The Land Deal Politics Initiative (LDPI) is a loose international network on engaged researchers studying the politics of contemporary global resource rush. A sustainable rural livelihoods (SRL) framework can be used in helping the rural poor to improve their lives and strengthen the sustainability of their livelihoods. In conclusion, the paper briefly considers some of the practical, methodological and operational implications of a sustainable livelihoods approach. Consequently, adaptation choices will need to account for a wide range of possible futures, including those with low probability but large consequences. The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach The sustainable livelihoods approach is a way of thinking about the objectives, scope, and priorities for development activities. This paper presents a critical, academic review of the Sustainable Rural Livelihoods (SRL) approach to development, beginning with a presentation of the central SRL tenets and their origins, and proceeding to a discussion of the strengths and weaknesses of the academic literature, particularly in relation to theoretical consistency. 3 INTRODUCTION The concept of ‘sustainable rural livelihoods’ 1 is increasingly central to the debate about rural development, poverty reduction and environmental management. Accordingly, the concept of sustainable livelihood is increasingly becoming central to the debate of sustainable agriculture, poverty reduction and environmental management especially in rural communities, ... Analyzing how people behave and how they endeavor to convert these assets into other forms of positive outcomes is necessary. The relationships between sustainability and livelihoods are examined, and livelihoods analysis situated within a wider political economy of environmental and agrarian change. Summary This paper focuses on the links between migration and sustainable livelihoods, looking in particular at the institutional factors that connect the two. Key to promoting well-being and development is the conditions under which people move, and policies can a, This paper primarily assesses the status of rural livelihoods in fragile environments with diverse resource endowments and policy interventions. This paper outlines a framework for analysing sustainable livelihoods, defined here in relation to five key indicators. But where do such perspectives come from, what are their conceptual roots, and what influences have shaped the way they have emerged? Results of the study revealed that respondents generally had reasonable amounts of livelihood assets as a 'whole' even though farmers 'disagreed' financial assets was available to them. The study focused on socio-capital and cultural understanding of the tribe in their livelihood. approaches. cesses of change in and in relation to the rural world. Sustainable Rural Livelihoods: A Framework for Analysis @inproceedings{Scoones1998SustainableRL, title={Sustainable Rural Livelihoods: A Framework for Analysis}, author={I. Scoones}, year={1998} } The potential impacts of climate change on current livestock systems worldwide is a major concern, and yet the topic is covered to a limited extent in global reports such as the ones produced by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Sent to your address for the release of new issues (tables of contents), OnlineFirst, and journal announcements. Since 2003, the Center for Sustainable Rural Livelihoods (CSRL) in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences at Iowa State University has worked side-by-side with Kamuli District residents to discover and implement sustainable solutions to meeting the community’s most urgent needs. At the core of the framework are the livelihood capitals or assets that households combine to form livelihood strategies and diversification patterns with particular livelihood outcomes (Challies and Murray, 2014; ... Access to these resources is greatly influenced by social relations and institutions (DFID, 1999;USAID, 2015;Adger, 2006). Recommendations for researchers and development practitioners include improving harvesting and processing skills through training, introducing harvesting and post-harvest technologies, improving market access, providing credit services, and training to gatherers and local traders on value-adding activities and marketing skills. The aim of the book is to widen the debate around DFID's commitment to sustainable rural livelihoods. The poorer households (44% of the sample) have a relatively higher reliance on frankincense income (49.8%), which is almost as much as the contribution from livestock and non-farm income combined (50.2%). Popularization of sustainable agriculture practices, conservation of natural resources, promotion of people’s organization like Self-help group (SHG), farmers group, primary producers groups and their federations, facilitation of people’s access to microfinance and government schemes, enhancement of market linkages and provision of skill-building support for promotion of off and non-farm micro … from a Sustainable Livelihoods Perspective. The results of stepwise multiple regression analysis revealed that (1) the number of times vegetables are grown in a year and (2) area of land under cultivation were the best predictors of yield of women vegetable farmers. Use the search form above, or visit the Book notes landing page for more options and latest content. 3. Sustainable Rural Livelihoods: Practical Concepts for the 21st Century. Nevertheless, despite the abundance of the resource and a growing domestic market demand, the marketed quantities are low, extraction practices are primitive and both local and national markets are poorly developed. Large uncertainties remain as to climate futures and the exposure and responses of the interlinked human and natural systems to climatic changes over time. Fostering transformation in rural livelihoods, agriculture and food systems will mean very different things for different sub-sectors of the rural population, where we recognize at least four livelihood types: “stepping up” (investing in agricultural assets, and purchasing at least some inputs This study examines the frankincense value chain and its contribution to the household economy in southern Ethiopia. Sustainable Livelihoods in Context Sustainable Poverty Reduction Secure and Sustainable Livelihoods for All (poor and non-poor) Overall Goals Address Vulnerability Context: increases capacity to withstand shocks; increases resilience Principles Specific to the SLA Builds Assets (a diversified portfolio of assets that reduce vulnerability) The purpose of this paper is to provoke discussion by exploring and elaborating the concept of sustainable livelihoods. Department for International Development, London, UK. Pointing out the range of different types of migration, ranging from voluntary to forced, the paper highlights the complex institutional factors involved in determining who is able to migrate, and who benefits most from it. Our analyses reveal that income from frankincense constitutes the second largest share of the total average household cash income after livestock, which accounted for 60%. (PDF) Sustainable Rural Livelihoods: A Framework for Analysis This paper discusses concepts of sustainable livelihoods from the poor rural household level. The SLA is also often used to assess aspects of households' vulnerabilities (e.g., to seasonal shifts in prices and production) and their resilience. It focuses on a) enhancing capability - education, health, support for farmers, transport, information, communication and credit, b) equity - includes access and asset for the poorer (minorities and women), and c) sustainability - minimising vulnerabilities and creating safety nets. The vegetable industry in Ghana merits much attention as it provides quick returns to investment, generates relatively higher annual revenue and an assured way of improving the livelihoods of farmers especially women. But what does this new entry into the development lexicon actually mean? Although a quantification of the net impacts of climate change on the livestock sector is beyond the reach of our current understanding, there is strong evidence that there will be impacts throughout the supply chain, from farm production to processing operations, storage, transport, retailing and human consumption. and environmental services (hydrological cycle, pollution sinks, etc.) A multistage sampling technique was used to collect primary data from 480 selected household heads spread across 16 villages from the three agro-ecological zones of the State. The idea to study Munda tribe of Jharkhand is because they are large in numbers, and will easily represent their outlook towards importance of preserving forest and livelihood development. Since 2003, the Center for Sustainable Rural Livelihoods (CSRL) in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences at Iowa State University has worked side-by-side with Kamuli District residents to discover and implement sustainable solutions to meeting the community’s most urgent needs. The concept of ‘sustainable rural livelihoods' is further enlightened, and many recommendations are noted. Table of Contents It is further used to analyse how institutional factors, such as property regimes, markets, and the existence of local institutions affect poor people's access to assets and the benefits they derive from them (through markets). The final chapter summarizes key points from the less It fosters inquiry into how agrarian power relations between classes and other social groups are created, understood, contested and transformed. For updates see: See: Findings of the study revealed that most of the respondents were male with a mean age of 46 years and were mostly (over 60%) educated. This paper offers an historical review of key moments in debates about rural livelihoods, identifying the tensions, ambiguities and challenges of such, The concept of 'sustainable livelihoods' is increasingly important in the development debate. The last section has papers on “entry points” that examine the contribution to sustainable rural livelihoods that can be made by involvement in particular areas - including natural resource sub-sectors (forests and livestock) to issues such as ethical trade. Throughout, the emphasis is on people rather than resources. The message of Sustainable Livelihoods and Rural Development is clear: livelihoods approaches are an essential lens on questions of rural development, but these need to be situated in a better understanding of political economy. Dzięki niej możliwe będzie głębsze spojrzenie na ich wizję znaczenie ochrony lasów i zapewnienia źródeł utrzymania. IDS Working Paper 72, Wetlands in Drylands: Key Resources for Agricultural and Pastoral Production in Africa. In specific terms, the study described rural residents’ socio-economic characteristics, identified their livelihood strategies and activities, examined factors affecting the undertaking of diverse livelihood activities, and also identified livelihood constraints in the study area. Sustainable rural livelihoods: What contribution can we make? Hasrat di Tepi Rimba: Memahami Faktor Penentu Sikap dan Perilaku Masyarakat di Pinggiran Taman Nasional. Chapters 4 and 5 seek to expand the traditional concept of “rural” by examining livelihood diversification and rural/urban linkages.

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