Box: Sustainable Livelihoods Frameworks—Strengths and W, Seeks to understand changing combinations of modes of, livelihood in a dynamic and historical context. hp://digitalcommons.ilr.cornell.edu/intl/191, e.g., health, nutrition, education, knowledge and skills, capacity to work, capacity to adapt, e.g., networks and connections (patronage, neighborhoods, kinship), relations of trust and. Sustainable Livelihoods in the Urban Setting 9 3.1 Vulnerability 9 3.2 Access to capital assets 17 3.3 Livelihood strategies 26 3.4 Policies, Institutions and Processes (PIPs) 30 4. respondents and key informants were identified through snowball sampling techniques. households and traders. The extensive use of quotes by respected experts juxtaposed with relevant research to counterpoint or lend weight to key concepts; “cheat sheets” that simplify access and reference to individual articles; as well as the grouping of many of the topics under recurrent themes make this book unique. It is deemed sustainable, when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks, and maintain or enhance its capabilities, assets, and activities, both now and in the future, while not undermining the natural, The sustainable livelihoods approach is a way of thinking, about the objectives, scope, and priorities for development, activities. This book is a valuable resource for those working in the public, private, and third sectors, both in industrialized and developing countries; it will be of interest in academia too, for instance in Master of Business Administration programs around the world. 0000009740 00000 n Specific objectives were to determine the markets in Thohoyandou, Makhado, Malamulele, Giyani and Elim in the Vhembe and Users are restricted from reselling, redistributing, or creating derivative works for commercial purposes. 0000001590 00000 n lower-than-normal precipitation, and higher-than-normal temperatures were the leading 0000002735 00000 n grant projects, and technical assistance amounting to $243 million. It, compels them to look for multiple entry points and to move beyond a homogenous “community” view and a, narrow sectoral perspective. They grant or deny access to assets. The results support the effectiveness of our approach by clearly identifying four groups of countries with emblematic characteristics of the agricultural systems: mature and sustainable, mature but with weak social sustainability, developing withand without clear sustainable objectives. In conclusion, the paper briefly considers some of the practical, methodological and operational implications of a sustainable livelihoods approach. Figure: The Sustainable Livelihoods Framework, All figure content in this area was uploaded by Olivier Serrat, All content in this area was uploaded by Olivier Serrat on Sep 30, 2014, is Article is brought to you for free and open access by the Key W, {Excerpt} e sustainable livelihoods approa, help plan development activities and assess the contribution that existing activities have made to s, e sustainable livelihoods approach facilitat, based on the views and interests of those concerned but they ar, such as participatory development, sector-wide approaches, or int, makes the connection between people and the over, social networks, access to physical and nancial res, is article was rst published by the Asian Development Bank (. Figure 1. household consumption and traded for income generation. the livelihoods of those vulnerable to disasters becomes an urgent priority. Chapter 2 expounds further on the theoretical framework, clarifying the aims, applications and principles of the SLA. ADB, based in Manila, is dedicated to reducing poverty in the. resulted from family-level and community-wide participation strengthened the social h�b```b``������6�A��X��,&�jh/��Ҥ �X��8�0�8��2�c��U3����H]vg߆f��=" ��k7ˈF�Ifn��0d��R��snUƩʩ`Am��4HM��a�[email protected] 1YIٸ��MK��q���. Pro-poor livelihoods: addressing the market/private sector gap. than wage labour in rural contexts. dfid-sustainable-livelihoods-guidance-sheet-section1.pdf (PDF, 123kb) section2.pdf (PDF, 236kb) section3.pdf (PDF, 164kb) section4-1.pdf (PDF, 174kb) section4-2.pdf (PDF, 154kb) section5.pdf (PDF, 123kb) 0000002622 00000 n An agroforestry land use system aimed at improving the productivity of smallholder dairy farms using Calliandra calothyrsus and Sesbania sesban shrubs as feed supplements was introduced to semi-commercial SDFs in Meru, Kenya, as part of a field trial. The findings show that all the vulnerability in Southern Region of Kelantan verified through the aspects of vulnerability economic, social / physical and environmental except three items are EK10 (from economic construct), SF1 (from the social/physical construct) and AS1 (from the environmental construct) are eliminated due to lower factor loading values. Asian Development Bank ([email protected]). While there is a considerable body of literature on the scale of the problem, there is very little research on the lived experiences of communities, their concerns and priorities, and how they are coping with environmental and climate hazards. It traces the development of modern museums in the colonial period, up to the present and notes the problems and associated difficulties attached to the effective management and funding of museums in Nigeria. 0000111157 00000 n which the poor must often make trade-offs and choices about, comprise: mutual understanding and support, formal and informal groups, shared values and behaviors, common rules, and sanctions, collective representation, mechanisms for participation in decision-making, leadership, wildfoodsandbers,biodiversity,environmentalservices, fertilizer, pesticides, traditional technology). 42 41 %PDF-1.4 %���� However, a major challenge associated with conservation initiatives concerns the lack of participation and broader consultation of relevant local resource users, as well as restricted access to vital community resources. The sustainable livelihood framework appreciates the contexts and relationships that exist and thus influence and shape communities and households. portunities and shows how they relate to one another. In this paper, we propose a latent class multivariate trajectory model, which is applied to 31 European countries by considering a set of economic, environmental and social indicators in the period 2000-2016. A sustainable livelihoods approach provides a methodology for policy makers that recognizes, and takes advantage of, the complex nature of livelihood systems. Sustainable Livelihood Approach (SLA), in addition to defining the research questions and objectives. One need not yield to pessimism: identifiable trends point to a promising future. This can be attributed to the fisherfolk's level of participation and perceived lack of influence in decision-making, the absence of alternative livelihoods and the questionable ecological effectiveness of the closed season. This project sheds light on how libraries can, Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. rural areas in Limpopo Province, South Africa. One has a narrower economic focus on production, Natural disaster such as floods also can affect households income and activities especially households who do agriculture activities as a main job. 0000112604 00000 n Established in 1966, it is owned by 67 members—48 from the, region. 0000080898 00000 n Instead, it is intended to stimulate readers to reflect on the approach and make their own contributions to its further development. <<1048AC976861EE43B9189F88E2217F02>]/Prev 275308>> The sustainable livelihoods approach improves understanding of the livelihoods of the poor. Use of the sustainable livelihoods concept in development studies The concept of sustainable livelihoods can be usefully applied in development studies, given that it contributes to understanding individuals’ livelihoods and has mainly been utilized for poverty … 0000012538 00000 n 0000044594 00000 n The research was conducted in the villages of Bokmakierie, Matiyani, Ha Gumbu, Masisi, It organizes the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood opportunities, and shows how they relate. Knowledge on dairy cow nutrition, level of confidence on calf management, and feeling of empowerment to raise calves/heifers to achieve first calving by 27 months were higher among farmers in the nutrition and combined groups than farmers in the other groups. 42 0 obj <> endobj 0000006387 00000 n Underplays elements of the vulnerability context, Explicitly advocates a creative tension between different levels, of analysis and emphasizes the importance of macro- and, Assumes that capital assets can be expanded in generalized, Acknowledges the need to move beyond narrow sectoral, perspectives and emphasizes seeing the linkages between sectors, Doesnotpayenoughattentiontoinequalitiesofpower, Callsforinvestigationoftherelationshipsbetweendifferent, activities that constitute livelihoods and draws attention to, Underplays the fact that enhancing the livelihoods of one group. Land tenure type was found to be the primary determinant of resource management and access regimes in the harvesting areas. Trading was found to be important form of employment for rural people who have limited The Sustainable Livelihood Program (SLP) of the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) provides identified poor and vulnerable families and individuals the appropriate income-generating opportunities to help improve ... be able to find the most appropriate approach to implementation to achieve program goals. sustainable livelihoods approach (SL) was used in the context of a study which aimed to identify options for a programme to support rural livelihoods in Cambodia. Presented in accessible “chunks,” it includes more than 120 topics that are essential to high-performance organizations. The sustainable livelihoods approach is only one way of organizing the complex issues that surround poverty. Communities are currently trying to adapt to challenges, both old and new, with technologies and materials at their. patterns have changed in the last 20 years; to assess access and management of mopane resources under different tenure types; and, to explore mopane worm use in the context of the sustainable livelihoods framework. The findings of this research can inform policy and climate change adaptation measures in other similar atoll islands in the Pacific. This … 0000143857 00000 n trailer Average feeding costs significantly decreased across all groups over the trial period. startxref forms of environmental change which have significantly affected mopane worm availability and outbreak events. It can help plan development activities and assess the contribution that existing activities have made to sustaining livelihoods. This holistic perspective involves taking into account: Context. The SLA contends that urban communities should become planners, initiators and executors of local development in order for any transformation to occur. Even if this approach is generally adopted in the literature, several authors have pointed out that productivity does not properly measure sustainability (e.g., [1]), motivating a line of research trying to account for the externalities and the social value of Agriculture in the computation of productivity (see, for example, [3]). A sustainable livelihood approach attempts to take a holistic perspective in determining problems and opportunities for programme activities. In respect of these findings the following recommendations are made: further empirical Furthermore, the strong social links and networks which Muyambo, F, 2017;Yasar, 2016;KESEDAR, 2013, Mustaffa Omar et al, 2012, ... Key livelihood assets were combined and categorised as resources, or capitals; subsequently these are discussed in a 'coping behaviour' context (section 4.2). The South African government has implemented a solar water heater initiative into the Reconstruction and Development Programme, a programme established by the African National Congress government to construct low cost housing for previously disadvantaged citizens. 0000107380 00000 n It must also be made appropriate to local circumstances and local priorities. The study area consisted of two low-income communities in South Africa. SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS GUIDANCE SHEETS FRAMEWORK VULNERABILITY CONTEXT 2.2 What is the vulnerability context? Research Tools for SL Analysis in Urban Areas 35 DFID’s SL framework Boxes Box 1. It organizes the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood … Various factors have contributed to the vulnerability of household's lower income group. Only with the detailed results of this work will it be possible to assess fully the potential utility and limitations of … The sustainable livelihoods approach improves understanding of the livelihoods of the poor. The consideration of the environmental and social dimensions, besides the economic one, is of great importance to highlight both development and sustainability objectives in the evaluation of the agricultural sector. You might, therefore, find it helpful to ‘test’ the livelihoods framework by trying to assess your own personal situation. 0000118287 00000 n The outcome of such service and aftereffects of the resources they are going to deploy in this situation will enhance livelihood assets which, ... SLA serves as an important analytical tool to understand the impacts of marine conservation on livelihood outcomes and assets [4]. As a result, a top-down approach is often adopted in adaptation projects that may not meet the real needs of communities, endangering the long-term sustainability and viability of interventions. The sustainable livelihoods approach is a holistic approach that tries to capture, and provide a means of understanding, the fundamental causes and dimensions of poverty without collapsing the focus onto just a few factors (e.g. Paper presented at the Sustainable Livelihoods Seminar on 'Private Sector and Enterprise Development', Crown Plaza Hotel, Manchester, UK. This study examined the socio-economic impacts associated with the use of solar water heaters in low-income households as well as their attitudes and perceptions towards using solar water heaters. The vulnerability context includes, • shocks,e.g.,conict,illnesses,oods,storms,droughts,pests,diseases, • seasonalities,e.g.,prices,andemploymentopportunities. capital opportunities. data and included semi-structured household and key informant interviews. In addition, this book provides scalable tried-and-tested tools, methods, and approaches for improved organizational effectiveness. PEFC is focusing on Sustainable Landscapes for Sustainable Livelihoods and exploring the potential for forest certification to expand its impact and scope Seventy of these farms completed the trial and were interviewed post-intervention. It organizes the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood opportunities, and shows how they relate. Vulnerability also linked to poverty.The government's efforts to help lower income households or B40 group before they become poor can reduce the problems of poverty. • criticaltrends,e.g.,demographic,environmental,economic,governance,andtechnologicaltrends. The poverty–environment nexus and associated vicious circles cannot be effectively addressed without active local involvement. Additional interviews were conducted with traders at Contact Olivier Serrat, Head of the Knowledge Management Center, Regional and Sustainable Development Department. understand how households attain sustainable livelihoods under different tenure types in humandignity,betweenwhichtheremayagainalsobeconict. andpracticesthat,inturn,determinethe. 0000003678 00000 n Specifically, the paper investigates the community knowledge and attitude towards Museums and its implication on sustainable livelihood in Ile-Ife City, with particular focus on Ife National Museum. take advantage of these, and extend safety nets for those who still cannot achieve their livelihood objectives in a competitive environment. . The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach (SLA) concept and framework adopted by DFID in the late 1990s (building on work by IDS, IISD, Oxfam and others) have been adapted by different organisations to suit a variety of contexts, issues, priorities and applications. 3.1 The Household Livelihood Approach 8 3.2 Livelihood Assets 10 3.3 Livelihood Activities 11 3.4 The Vulnerability Context 11 3.5 Food First vs Sustainable Livelihood Approach 17 3.6 Intra-Household Issues with Livelihoods 17 4. The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach 1 2. Sustainable livelihoods in informal settlements Mohammed Ahmed Abdulmoneim Alfiky, 2773694 Email: [email protected] 1 Introduction The purpose of this essay is to provoke how we can empower people living in the informal settlements through the concept of sustainable livelihoods. Assessing the impact of disasters on the livelihoods of people and the capacity and opportunities for recovery and increased resilience to future events is an Main factor vulnerability of economic is loss of main sources of income. When thinking about livelihood outcomes, the aims of a particular group as well as the extent to which these are already being achieved has to be understood. The sustainable livelihoods approach improves understanding of the livelihoods of the poor. In 2007, it approved $10.1 billion of loans, $673 million of. The findings revealed a high level of awareness about the existence of Museums among the people and a low level of patronage for leisure and tourism purposes, which implies poor appreciation of its social and health benefits. Eighty farmers randomly allocated to four groups (nutrition, reproduction, combined nutrition and reproduction, and a comparison group) were enrolled in this study. Sustainable Livelihoods from Theory to Conservation Practice 7 Synthesis This section synthesizes the information contained in the annotated bibliography through a review of the sustainable livelihoods approach and a discussion of the potential of the sustainable livelihoods approach to contribute to protected area community research. 0000043888 00000 n e.g., savings, credit and debt (formal, informal), remittances, pensions, wages. The sustainable livelihoods approach is no more than an attempt to provide a tool which is ‘useful to think with’. However, multiple outcomes analysis is challenging due to not only methodological issues, but alsoquality and availability of time series data. work by DN and DMI has highlighted the links between levels of livelihood security and levels of vulnerability to disasters. sustainable livelihoods approach, and also how future transport research might adopt and integrate the ideas embedded in SRL. These Reconstruction and Development Programme houses have been retrofitted with solar water heaters as part of an energy-saving initiative which reduces de-pendency on the grid and provides additional socio-economic benefits to improve the lives of its users. The Sustainable Livelihood Approach (SLA) to development intervention has been in vogue since the late 1990s and formed a central concept of the UK‟s Department for International Development‟s (DFID) strategy during the early years of the New Labour government in the UK. 0000008710 00000 n This study investigated the ent access livelihood assets, which the sustainable livelihood approach aims to expand. There were positive direct and indirect impacts on the income and livelihoods of farmers in the two groups receiving nutritional interventions. The study employed qualitative methods to collect It brings attention to bear on the inherent potential of people in terms of their, skills,socialnetworks,accesstophysicalandnancialresources,andabilitytoinuence, Appreciative inquiry—originally developed as a tool for industry to avoid negative ap-, proaches to problem solving—extends this constructive outlook. They enable people to transform one type of asset into an-, poor and vulnerable face is that the processes which frame their livelihoods may systematically restrict them, Livelihood strategies aim to achieve livelihood outcomes. Decisions on livelihood strategies may invoke, pensionsandgrants,intensicationversus, which may compete. sustainable livelihoods approach. 0000006923 00000 n environmentally sustainable growth, and regional integration. Their potentials for showcasing the people and their culture is also a case that cannot be ignored. This served as a hindrance for households and limited their income earning potential. Ensuring livelihood security is an integral part of a sustainable approach to disaster mitigation, but livelihood support is largely ignored in … There was a KES 2,380.3 (USD 23.5) increase in average monthly profit/cow in the nutrition group comparing the first and last 6 months of the trial, representing a 68.8% improvement (p = 0.02). investigations should be undertaken to determine the status of mopane worm populations; improved cooperation between traditional leaders, harvesters and local government is suggested as an option for management of the communal harvesting areas; the interplay between access, land tenure and harvesting requires further research. 0000001491 00000 n 0000002846 00000 n In South Africa, the main source of greenhouse gases is the burning of coal for electricity gener-ation. 0000007869 00000 n 0000006223 00000 n Farms were visited every 1-2 months during the trial to collect data on milk production and feeding practices during the previous day. Through a series of participatory focus groups carried out in Kiribati in 2019, this study explores what communities prioritise and wish to see implemented to cope and build resilience to present and foreseeable future challenges. It can help plan development activities and assess the contribution that existing activities have made to sustaining livelihoods. ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any references for this publication. proper acknowledgment of ADB. xref the “landscape approach”—seeing the need to look beyond individual stands to the larger landscapes in terms of sustainable management, planning, ecosystem services, etc. For the purpose of clarity, this paper highlights the historical antecedents of museums in Nigeria with a view to helping in the understanding of museum as a concept and that it is not alien to indigenous African societies before the advent of the Europeans. Rural livelihoods, food security and rural transformation under climate change 3 Taken together, implementing these elements for action simultaneously would constitute a new approach to innovation and enabling it: co-creating new knowledge, “renovating” existing but as-yet under-utilized scientific and Source: Department for International Development of the United Kingdom. The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach The sustainable livelihoods approach is a way of thinking about the objectives, scope, and priorities for development activities. It helps formulate development, • Conductedinpartnershipwiththepublicandprivatesectors, for actions that are based on the views and interests of those concerned but they are not a, panacea. The implications of the findings relate to improving coastal governance and as well as the need to reduce illegal fishing practises. without the express, written consent of ADB. A holistic understanding of energy use and its impacts on households was gained. The results reveal that the seasonal closure has led to four main challenges: restricted access to coastal waters, decreased financial capital, decreased fish trading activities and declining small-scale fisheries opportunities. It does not replace other tools, such as participatory development, sector-wide, approaches, or integrated rural development. The findings of this study indicated that the historical value placed on mopane worms as a food source and trading commodity has been passed down for generations. The Sustainable Livelihoods: A Framework for Indicator Development Background and Overview Sustainable livelihoods is a systemic and adaptive approach that links issues of poverty reduction, sustainability and empowerment processes (e.g., participation, gender empowerment, and good governance). better choices. The Department for International Development's sustainable livelihoods approach . 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